Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Insects of a Wildlife Reserve in Baixo Alentejo

All Photographs were taken by the website author on the reserve unless otherwise stated.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

European Mole Cricket

Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa





Egyptian Grasshopper

Anacridium aegyptium

Gafanhoto do egipto






Blue Bandwinged Grasshopper

Oedipoda caerulescens

Gafanhoto de asas azuis




European Mantis

Mantis religiosa

Louva a deus comum


This mantis species is commonly known as a Praying Mantis due to the way it often holds its front legs as if in prayer.



European Mantis hunting a Lang's Short-tailed Blue.



European Mantis hunting a Longtailed Blue.

European Mantis hunting a Longtailed Blue.

European Mantis with Bristle Fly prey.



European Mantis with Bristle Fly prey.



Conehead Mantis

Empusa pennata

Louva a Deus





Striped Shieldbug

Graphosoma lineatum

Percevejo riscado


Striped Shieldbugs mating (Graphosoma lineatum italicum).



Red Shieldbug

Carpocoris mediterraneus


Red Shieldbug..



Blackshouldered Shieldbug

Carpocoris purpureipenniss  ((Or possibly Carpocoris mediterraneus ssp. Atlanticus)


Blackshouldered Shieldbug Nymph. 


Soldier Bug

Spilostethus pandurus



Soldier Bug on a Sea Squill flower spike.



Bug Sp.



Bug Sp. on Crown Daisy.



Bug Sp.

Centrocoris variegatus


Bug Sp. Centrocoris variegatus.



Common Pondskater

Gerris lacustris





Water Scorpion

Nepa cinerea

Escorpião de água


Photo by Alan .



Water Beetle

Cybister lateralimarginalis

Escaravelho de água




Whirligig Beetle

Gyrinus sp.





Redstriped Oil Beetle

Berberomeloe majali

Vaca loura


Redstriped Oil Beetle.

This is the rarer all black morph of the Redstriped Oil Beetle.


Darkling Beetle Sp.

Scaurus uncinus




Darkling Beetle Sp.

Heliotaurus ruficollis

Escaravelho ou capuchinho

Darkling Beetle Sp. Heliotaurus ruficollis. Escaravelho ou capuchinho. Feeding on Limestone Lettuce.

Darkling Beetle Sp. Heliotaurus ruficollis. Escaravelho ou capuchinho. Feeding on Limestone Lettuce.


Apple Blossom Beetle

Tropinota hirta


Apple Blossom Beetles on Crown Daisy.



Checkered Beetle Sp.

Trichodes octopunctatus


A species of Checkered Beetle.




Dotted Bee-fly

Bombylius discolor


Dotted Bee-fly. Bombylius discolor. Photo by Chris.

Dotted Bee-fly. Bombylius discolor. Photo by Chris.

Dotted Bee-fly. Bombylius discolor. Photo by Chris.

Bee Fly Sp.

Bombylius cruciatus



Female Bee Fly Bombylius cruciatus feeding on nectar of Sweet Scabious.

Female Bee Fly Bombylius cruciatus.


Banded Bee Fly Sp.

Exhyalanthrax muscarius



Hawthorn Fly

Bibio marci

Mosca de são marcos



Hover Fly Sp.

Eupeodes corollae

Mosca das flores


Hover Fly on Corn Marigold. Eupeodes corollae. Mosca das flores.



Common Globetail (Hoverfly)

Sphaerophoria scripta




Drone Fly

Eristalis tenax



A Drone Fly is a very common species of Hover Fly that is found all over the world.

Flesh Fly

Sarcophaga carnaria



Flesh Fly sat on Lily Pad while drinking from Bulrush Pond.



Bristle Fly Sp.

Nowickia ferox



Bristle Fly feeding on Yellow Fleabane.

Potter - Mason Wasp Sp.

Eumenes Sp.



Furrow Bee Sp.

Halictus Sp.




Fourstriped Digger Bee

Amegilla quadrifasciata




Violet Carpenter Bee

Xylocopa violacea

Abelha carpinteira


Violet Carpenter Bee feeding on Strawberry Tree flowers.





Large Earth Bumble Bee

Bombus terrestris

Abelhão terrestre


Large Earth Bumble Bee drinking nectar from Wild Radish.



European Honey Bee

Apis mellifera

Abelha europeia


European Honey Bee visiting Yellow Fleabane flowers.

Mammoth Wasp

Megascolia bidens



Female Mammoth Wasp. Females have orange colouration on the front of the head and orange antennae unlike males which have black heads and longer orange antennae.

Females have two pairs of large yellow blotches on the abdomen (as here), while males only have one pair of large yellow blotches.


Large Yellowheaded Scoliid Wasp

Megascolia maculata

Vespa mamute


Female Large Yellowheaded Scoliid Wasp (Another species of Mammoth Wasp). Males have all black head whereas females have orange or yellow on head.



Drinking at Bulrush Pond.


Sand Wasp Sp.

Ammophila Sp.s




Common Wasp

Vespula vulgaris



European Paper Wasp

Polistes dominula

Vespa do papel europeia


Drinking at Bulrush Pond.



Pollen Wasp Sp.

Jugurtia dispar


Pollen Wasps behave more like bees. They feed their young on pollen and nectar rather than insects unlike most wasps.

Gathering to drink at Bulrush Pond.

These wasps do not have stings.

Potter Wasp Sp.

Eumenes subpomiformis


A species of Potter Wasp (Eumenes subpomiformis).

A species of Potter Wasp (Eumenes subpomiformis).


Digger Wasp Sp.

Bembix oculata


Female Digger Wasp. Males do not have the two "eye spots" on the abdomen.

Female Digger Wasp in front of her nest burrow.

Female Digger Wasp at burrow entrance.

Square-Headed Wasp Sp.

Pison atrum








Insect Species List :


Links to Portugal Nature Reserve webpages:

Most Recent Sightings






Reptiles and Amphibians





Fungi, Lichens etc


Windmill Pond

Bulrush Pond

Hide Pond

Rocky Pond

Perna Seca River


Spring Watch

Weather and Rainfall


Keystone Species

Conservation and Management

Breeding Notes

Flower Meadows

Red List

Mammal Maps

Butterfly Maps

Reptile and Amphibian Maps

Dragonfly Maps


Nearby Wildlife

Bird Feeders

Trail Cameras

Colour Ringed and Tagged Birds

Fox Gallery

Links to Photo Galleries from other countries:

Brazil Pantanal

Catalonia Spain

Mashatu Botswana

Tswalu Kalahari







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