Portugal Wildlife

Guide to the Fungi, Slime Moulds, Lichens and Algae of a Wildlife Reserve in Baixo Alentejo

Gallery of some of the fungi species found on the wildlife reserve. All the photographs are taken on the reserve.

 

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

 

 

 

Fungi

 

 

 

Field Mushroom

Agaricus campestris

 

Common Fieldcap

Agrocybe pediades

 

 

Fly Agaric

Amanita muscaria

Rosalgar
 

An easily identified poisonous fungus.

 

 

Hygroscopic Earthstar

Astraeus hygrometricus

Estrela da terra
 

 

 

 

Shaggy Inkcap

Coprinus comatus

Coprino cabeludo

 

This fungus is edible when young. But correct identification is critical !

The name "Inkcap" comes from the black droplets formed on the cap when the fruiting body 'self-dissolves' (autolyses).

Slender Parasol

Lepiota mastoidea

 

 

 

 

 

Meadow Puffball

Lycoperdon pratense

 

 

 

Parasol Fungus

Macrolepiota procera

Púcara ; Frade
 

This fungus is edible when young. But correct identification is critical as a smaller species of Macrolepiota is poisonous to some people !

The Parasol is a Saprobic fungus. This means it feeds on dead organic matter. The term Saprophyte used to be applied but this term is now out of fashion. Some plants also used to be called Saprohytes - but as they cannot break down organic matter this term is no longer correct. So the term Saprophyte is now obsolete as there are not any - no plants and no fungi !

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earthball Fungus

Pisolithus arrhizus
 

 

Winter Russula

Russula cremoricolor
 

Common Earthball

Scleroderma citrinum
 

 

 

Many-Rooted Earthball

Scleroderma polyrhizum

Esclerodermia de muitas raízes
 

 

 

Lichens:

A selection of unidentified lichens.

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

 

 

 

Lichens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slime Moulds

 

 

 

 

 

This is a plasmodial Slime Mould, possibly Fuliga septica. Slime Moulds are organisms that can live freely as single cells, but can aggregate together to form multicellular reproductive structures. They used to be classified as Fungi. But now they are not and belong to an entirely different group of life-forms.

Slime Moulds such as this one are important organisms that  contribute to the decomposition of dead vegetation such as fallen twigs from trees. So they are a key part of recycling of dead organic matter.

Also known as Scrambled Egg Slime !

 

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

 

 

 

Algae

 

 

 

Common Stonewort

Chara vulgaris

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unidentified Fungi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fungi Species List :

  English Scientific Portuguese
       
1 Field Mushroom Agaricus campestris  
2 Common Fieldcap Agrocybe pediades  
3 Fly Agaric Amanita muscaria Rosalgar
4 Hygroscopic Earthstar Astraeus hygrometricus Estrela da terra
5 Shaggy Inkcap Coprinus comatus Coprino cabeludo
6 Slender Parasol Lepiota mastoidea  
7 Meadow Puffball Lycoperdon pratense  
8 Parasol Fungus Macrolepiota procera Púcara
9 Earthball Fungus Pisolithus arrhizus  
10 Winter Russula Russula cremoricolor  
11 Common Earthball Scleroderma citrinum  
12 Many-Rooted Earthball Scleroderma polyrhizum Esclerodermia de muitas raízes

 

Fungi and Lichen identification can be quite difficult so if you notice any errors or omissions please email me at : lince@portugalwildlife.com

 

Links to Portugal Nature Reserve webpages:

Most Recent Sightings

Birds

Mammals

Butterflies

Flowers

Dragonflies

Reptiles and Amphibians

Moths

Insects

Spiders

Trees

Fungi, Lichens etc

 

Windmill Pond

Bulrush Pond

Hide Pond

Rocky Pond

Perna Seca River

Winterbourne

Spring Watch

Weather and Rainfall

Rewilding

Keystone Species

Conservation and Management

Breeding Notes

Flower Meadows

Red List

Mammal Maps

Butterfly Maps

Reptile and Amphibian Maps

Dragonfly Maps

 

Nearby Wildlife

Bird Feeders

Trail Cameras

Colour Ringed and Tagged Birds

Fox Gallery

Links to Photo Galleries from other countries:

Brazil Pantanal

Catalonia Spain

Mashatu Botswana

Tswalu Kalahari

 

 

Links

 

Home

 

Back to top

 

Webmaster: Phil Perry - Copyright © 2024

Email Contact: lince@portugalwildlife.com