Portugal Wildlife

Hide Pond

See Iberian Fox Gallery for a truly astonishing sequence of photographs.

For details of the construction of the Hide Pond/(Bird Drinking Station) see here.

Species Seen from Bird and Mammal Drinking Station. The low resolution photos below are taken by a remote Trail Camera. The rest by a Digital SLR:

Wildlife Seen at Hide Pond

Species Notes Photographs Photographs Photographs

 

  BIRDS

 

 

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis ibis

Carraceiro

 

 

 

Grey Heron

Ardea cinerea

Garça real
 

 

 

Purple Heron

Ardea purpurea

Garça vermelha
 

Redlegged Partridge

Alectoris rufa hispanica

Perdiz
 

Redlegged Partridge and Eleven chicks.

Redlegged Partridge and 5 chicks at pond.

Redlegged Partridge and 7 chicks at pond.

 

 

Two adult birds with half-grown chicks.

 

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus

Maçarico bique bique
 

 

 

 

 

Common Woodpigeon

Columba palumbus palumbus

Pombo torcaz
 

 

Eurasian Collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

Rola turca
 

Drinking.

Pair of Eurasian Collared Doves. One bird is partially leucistic, being almost white in colour.

 

 

 

Pair of Eurasian Collared Doves. One bird is partially leucistic, being almost white in colour.

Partially Leucistic Eurasian Collared Dove.

Partially Leucistic Eurasian Collared Dove drinking.

 

 

 

Breaking the ice on the pond one December morning in order to drink.

 

 

 

Most birds have to take water into their beak and then ift their head up to let the water flow down their throat. Doves and Pigeons are among the few types of birds that can suck up water while their beak remains in the water. So birds such as this Eurasian Collared Dove are much quicker at drinking than most birds.

So while other birds have to keep bobbing their head in and out of the water, a Dove is able to take a good long drink in one go.

Common Barn Owl

Tyto alba

Coruja das torres
 

Barn owl at pond at night.

 

 

 

 

Sequence of TrailCam Photos showing Common Barn Owl bathing.

 

 

 

 

   

Little Owl

Athene noctua vidalii

Mocho galego
   

Tawny Owl

Strix aluco sylvatica

Coruja do mato
 

 

 

Sequence of 12 photos showing Tawny Owl bathing in Hide Pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finally, a nice clean Tawny Owl !

 

 

Tawny Owl drinking.

Common Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis ispida

Guarda rios
 

Kingfisher after diving into the pond.

Note Orange lower mandible which marks this bird as a female.

 

 

 

 

   

Eurasian Hoopoe

Upupa epops

Poupa
 

Singing on Cork oak behind pond.

   

Iberian Green Woodpecker

Picus sharpie

Peto real
 

Adult Male with red malar stripe.

 

 

Adult Female with black malar stripe.

Juvenile showing spotted breast markings.

 

 

Adult male.

Juvenile, with black malar stripe, drinking.

 

 

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Dendrocopos major hispanus

Pica pau malhardo
 

Male, clinging to window frame of hide.

Sitting on pond wall.

 

 

On Cork Oak.

Male, showing characteristic red nape.

Hammering at Cork Oak bark in search for insect food.

 

 

 

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker           

Dendrocopos minor buturlini

Pica pau galego
 

Female.

Female.

Female.

Calandra Lark

Melanocorypha calandra calandra

Calhandra real
 

 

Woodlark

Lullula arborea pallida

Cotovia dos bosques
 

   

Redrumped Swallow

Cecropis daurica rufula

Andorinha dáurica
 

   

Meadow Pipit           

Anthus pratensis pratensis

Petinha dos prados
 

   

Water Pipit           

Anthus spinoletta

Petinha ribeirinha
 

   

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea cinerea

Alvéola cinzenta
 

Catching insect at water's edge.

   

Grey Wagtail Ice-Skating on the Pond ! At -1 degrees the pond has a thin ice-cover one early December morning.

 

White Wagtail

Motacilla alba alba

Alvéola branca
 

 

     

Dunnock

Prunella modularis modularis

Ferreirinha
     

European Robin

Erithacus rubecula

Pisco de peito ruivo
 

 

 

Black Redstart

Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis

Rabirruivo
 

Male Black Redstart showing dramatic wing and tail colours.

Female.

 

 

 

 

Common Redstart

Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus

Rabirruivo de esta branca
 

Juvenile.

 

 

Eurasian Stonechat

Saxicola torquatus rubicola

Cartaxo
 

Female.

Male.

 

 

 

 

Female.

Common Blackbird

Turdus merula merula

Melro
 

Male.

Juvenile.

Male shaking off water.

 

 

Female drinking.

Swallowing.

Bathing.

 

 

Juvenile drinking.

Juvenile. Showing spotted breast and darker bill than an adult female.

Female common blackbird washing prey (spider) before eating it.

 

 

Drinking.

Female.

Close up of Male.

 

 

Juvenile.

Juvenile showiing well spotted breast - which distinguishes its plumage from that of an adult female.

 

 

Juvenile drinking.

Adult Female.

 

Song Thrush

Turdus philomelos clarkei

Tordo pinto
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Redwing

Turdus iliacus

Tordo ruivo
 

 

 

Zitting Cisticola (Fantailed Warbler)

Cisticola juncidis cisticola

Fuinha dos juncos
 

Photographed from the pond hide.

Melodious Warbler

Hippolais polyglotta

Felosa poliglota
 

   

Dartford Warbler

Sylvia undata undata

Toutinegra do mato
 

Male Dartford Warbler.

   

Sardinian Warbler

Sylvia melanocephalamelanocephala

Toutinegra dos valados
 

Male.

 

 

Juvenile Sardinian warbler, with an insect caught at the pond.

Juvenile.

Female.

 

 

Juvenile.

Juvenile.

 

 

Subalpine Warbler

Sylvia cantillans iberiae

Toutinegra de bigodes
 

Male, showing bluish-grey head and upperparts.

Male.

Male Subalpine Warbler (screen grab ex video clip)

 

 

 

 

Common Whitethroat

Sylvia communis communis

Papa amoras
 

 

 

Eurasian Blackcap

Sylvia atricapilla heinekin

Toutinegra de barrete
 

Male.

Female.

Female after Bathing.

Common Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita collybita

Felosinha

Abundant Winter Migrant (they over-winter). Approximately October to March.

Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus

Felosinha musical
Non-Breeding Migrant Visitor. Approximately March to May and July to October.

 

 

Bathing.

Spotted Flycatcher

Muscicapa striata striata

Taralhão cinzento
 

 

Pied Flycatcher

Ficedula hypoleuca

Papa moscas
 

Female or Immature.

Female or Immature.

Longtailed Tit (Bushtit)

Aegithalos caudatus irbii

Chapim rabilongo
 

 

 

After a longtailed tit somehow fell into the pond it started swimming.

It soon managed to swim towards a rock that leads into the pond.

When it reached the rock, the longtailed tit managed to drag itself out of the water.

 

 

The rather bedraggled longtailed tit then sat on the rock, in the sun, while it recovered and dried enough to be able to fly away.

 

 

Showing relative sizes of Longtailed Tit and Blue Tit.

 

 

Flock of five longtailed tits.

 

European Crested Tit

Lophophanes cristatus weigoldi

Chapim de poupa
 

Bathing.

At water's edge.

Blue Tit

Cyanistes caeruleus ogliastrae

Chapim azul
 

Singing.

Bathing.

Blue Tit shaking head while bathing.

 

 

Juvenile drinking.

Adult drinking.

Bathing.

 

 

Bathing.

Juvenile, showing characteristic yellow cheeks.

 

 

Blue Tit in classic 'hanging upside down' position.

 

Great Tit

Parus major corsus

Chapim real
 

Bathing.

 

 

Juvenile at pond. Note duller plumage and cheeks not pure white.

 

 

Eurasian Nuthatch

Sitta europaea hispaniensis

Trepadeira azul
 

Bathing

 

 

 

 

Eurasian Nuthatch in classic head-downward pose. Nuthatches are one of the few types of bird that can run up and down a vertical tree trunk.

 

 

 

 

Short-toed Treecreeper

Certhia brachydactyla megarhynchos

Trepadeira
   

 

Iberian Grey Shrike

Lanius meridionalis meridionalis

Picanço real
 

Iberian Grey Shrike preening at pond.

 

 

 

 

Bathing.

 

 

 

 

Woodchat Shrike

Lanius senator rutilans

Picanço barreteiro
 

Eurasian Jay

Garrulus glandarius fasciatus

Gaio
 

 

 

 

 

Landing at pond. Showing beautiful blue and black feathering on wings (greater wing-coverts).

Iberian Azurewinged Magpie

Cyanopica cooki

Charneco
 

Juvenile food-begging, with bill wide open, showing red gape, and wings held half-open while being vibrated.

 

 

Juvenile Calling - possibly food-begging, with wings half-spread.

 

 

Shimmering its wings.

Fourteen Iberian Azurewinged Magpies drinking and bathing at sunset.

 

 

Juvenile Food-begging - calling and shivering half-open wings.

Juvenile bathing.

Juvenile swallowing water.

 

 

Close up of Juvenile - showing white speckling on head.

 

 

Juvenile, head thrown back, swallowing water.

Spotless Starling

Sturnus unicolor

Estorninho preto
 

Spotless Starling showing aggression towards female Common Blackbird.

 

 

 

 

Adult and Juvenile.

 

 

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus domesticus

Pardal
 

Male.

Male drinking.

Female.

 

 

Female.

Female.

Male drinking.

 

 

Female.

Male.

Male.

 

 

Wet from bathing.

 

 

Spanish Sparrow

Passer hispaniolensis hispaniolensis

Pardal espanhol
 

 

Drinking.

Bathing.

 

 

Male.

 

Male.

Male. Showing heavily marked back.

Chaffinch

Fringilla coelebs coelebs

Tentilhão
 

Male landing on rock in pond.

Female landing at pond.

Male.

 

 

Male Chaffinch.

Female.

Female.

European Serin

Serinus serinus

Milheirinha
 

Male European Serin.

 

European Goldfinch

Carduelis carduelis parva

Pintassilgo
 

 

Common Linnet

Carduelis cannabina mediterranea

Pintarroxo
 

Male Linnet

 

 

Eurasian Bullfinch

Pyrrhula pyrrhula pyrrhula

Dom fafe

 

Female Eurasian Bullfinch.

Male.

 

Corn Bunting

Emberiza calandra calandra

Trigueirão
 

Drinking.

   

Bathing.

Bathing.

   

   

Drinking.

Swallowing water.

Singing.

 

  MAMMALS

 

 

Iberian Hare

Lepus granatensis

Lebre ibérica
 

Iberian Rabbit

Oryctolagus cuniculus algirus

Coelho bravo
 

 

 

Extraordinary trailcamera sequence of airborne Rabbit coming down to earth !

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood Mouse

Apodemus sylvaticus

Ratinho do campo ; Rato do campo
 

Black Rat

Rattus rattus

Ratazana preta
 

The tail is longer than the head and body combined, a feature that distinguishes the Black Rat from the similar Brown Rat.

 

 

   

Garden Dormouse

Eliomys quercinus

Leirão ; Rato dos pomares
 

Iberian Fox

Vulpes vulpes silacea

Raposa
 

 

 

Fox lying down.

Iberian Badger and Iberian Fox at Hide Pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nice view of a dog Fox's brush (tail).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nice view of the fox's tail.

 

 

Two Iberian Foxes drinking at the pond.

 

 

 

 

Mediterranean Polecat

Mustela putorius aureola

Toirão
 

 

 

 

     

Beech Marten

Martes foina

Fuinha
 

 

   

Iberian Badger

Meles meles marianensis

Texugo
 

 

 

Iberian Badger and Iberian Fox at Hide Pond.

Iberian Badger and Iberian Fox at Hide Pond.

Common Genet

Genetta genetta

Geneta
 

Iberian Mongoose

Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii

Sacarrabos ; Manguço
 

Female on left and much larger male on the right.

 

 

Male Iberian Mongoose drinking.

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

  REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS

 

 

Iberian Pond Turtle

Mauremys leprosa leprosa

Cágado Mediterrânico
     

Snake

Serpente
   

Horseshoe Whip Snake

Hemorrhois hippocrepis

Cobra de ferradura
 

Approximately 1.6m in length.

 

 

Viperine Snake

Natrix maura

Cobra de água viperina
 

Viperine Snake swimming in Hide Pond.

Two Viperine Snakes at Hide Pond.

Two Viperine Snakes intertwined.

Western Montpellier Snake

Malpolon monspessulanus

Cobra rateira
 

Western Montpellier Snake drinking.

Male Western Montpelier Snake showing yellowish front part of body.

 

Algerian Sand Lizard

Psammodromus algirus

Lagartixo do mato
 

Sitting on pebbles of the pond's beach.

 

Sharp-ribbed newt

Pleurodeles waltl

Salamandra de costelas salientes
 

Spiny Toad

Bufo spinosus

Sapo comum

   

Iberian Water Frog

Pelodytes perezi

Rã verde
 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

DRAGONFLIES

   

Iberian Bluetail or Bluetailed Damselfly

Ischnura graellsii

Iscnura ibero magrebina
 

Male.

Male.

Male.

Broad Scarlet or Scarlet Dragonfly

Crocothemis erythraea

Libélula escarlate
 

Female.

   

Redveined Darter

Sympetrum fonscolombii

Libélula de nervuras vermelhas
 

Female.

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Gallery of Photos showing Hide Pond Construction

 

Wildlife Seen at Hide Pond (Water Drinking/Bathing Pond)
BIRDS
1 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis ibis Carraceiro
2 Grey Heron Ardea cinerea cinerea Garça real
3 Purple Heron Ardea purpurea Garça vermelha
4 Redlegged Partridge Alectoris rufa hispanica Perdiz
5 Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Maçarico bique bique
6 Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus palumbus Pombo torcaz
7 Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Rolaturca
8 Common Barn Owl Tyto alba alba Coruja das torres
9 Little Owl Athene noctua vidalii Mocho galego
10 Tawny Owl Strix aluco sylvatica Coruja do mato
11 Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis ispida Guarda rios
12 Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops epops Poupa
13 Iberian Green Woodpecker Picus sharpei Peto real
14 Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major hispanus Pica pau malhardo
15 Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor buturlini Pica pau galego
16 Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra calandra Calhandra real
17 Woodlark Lullula arborea pallida Cotovia dos bosques
18 Redrumped Swallow Cecropis daurica rufula Andorinha dáurica
19 Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis pratensis Petinha dos prados
20 Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta Petinha ribeirinha
21 Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea cinerea Alvéola cinzenta
22 White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba Alvéola branca
23 Dunnock Prunella modularis modularis Ferreirinha
24 European Robin Erithacus rubecula Pisco de peito ruivo
25 Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis Rabirruivo
26 Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus Rabirruivo de testa branca
27 Eurasian Stonechat Saxicola torquatus rubicola Cartaxo
28 Common Blackbird Turdus merula merula Melro
29 Song Thrush Turdus philomelos clarkei Tordo pinto
30 Redwing Turdus iliacus Tordo ruivo
31 Zitting Cisticola (Fantailed Warbler) Cisticola juncidis cisticola Fuinha dos juncos
32 Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta Felosa poliglota
33 Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata undata Toutinegra do mato
34 Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala melanocephala Toutinegra dos valados
35 Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans iberiae Toutinegra de bigodes
36 Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis communis Papa amoras
37 Eurasian Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla heinekin Toutinegra de barrete
38 Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita collybita Felosinha
39 Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus Felosinha musical
40 Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata striata Taralhão cinzento
41 Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca iberiae Papa moscas
42 Longtailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus irbii Chapim rabilongo
43 European Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus weigoldi Chapim de poupa
44 Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus ogliastrae Chapim azul
45 Great Tit Parus major corsus Chapim real
46 Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea hispaniensis Trepadeira azul
47 Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla megarhynchos Trepadeira
48 Iberian Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis meridionalis Picanço real
49 Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator rutilans Picanço barreteiro
50 Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius fasciatus Gaio
51 Iberian Azurewinged Magpie Cyanopica cooki Charneco
52 Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor Estorninho preto
53 House Sparrow Passer domesticus domesticus Pardal
54 Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis hispaniolensis Pardal espanhol
55 Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs coelebs Tentilhão
56 European Serin Serinus serinus Milheirinha
57 European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis parva Pintassilgo
58 Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina mediterranea Pintarroxo
59 Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula pyrrhula Dom fafe
60 Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra calandra Trigueirão
MAMMALS
1 Iberian Hare Lepus granatensis Lebre ibérica
2 Iberian Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus algirus Coelho bravo
3 Wood Mouse Apodemus sylvaticus Rato do campo
4 Black Rat Rattus rattus Ratazana preta
5 Garden Dormouse Eliomys quercinus Leirão
6 Iberian Fox Vulpes vulpes silacea Raposa
7 Mediterranean Polecat Mustela putorius aureola Toirão
8 Beech Marten Martes foina Fuinha
9 Iberian Badger Meles meles marianensis Texugo
10 Common Genet Genetta genetta genetta Geneta
11 Iberian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon widdringtonii Sacarrabos
REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS
1 Iberian Pond Turtle Mauremys leprosa leprosa Cágado Mediterrânico
2 Large Psammodromus Psammodromus manuelae Lagartixo do mato
3 Horseshoe Whip Snake Hemorrhois hippocrepis Cobra de ferradura
4 Viperine Snake Natrix maura Cobra de água viperina
5 Western Montpellier Snake Malpolon monspessulanus Cobra rateira
6 Sharp-ribbed newt Pleurodeles waltl Salamandra de costelas salientes
7 Spiny Toad Bufo spinosus Sapo comum
8 Iberian Water Frog Pelodytes perezi Rã verde
DRAGONFLIES
1 Iberian Bluetail Ischnura graellsii Iscnura ibero magrebina
2 Broad Scarlet Crocothemis erythraea Libélula escarlate
3 Common Darter Sympetrum striolatum Libélula comum
4 Redveined Darter Sympetrum fonscolombii Libélula de nervuras vermelhas
83 <--- Total Number of Species Recorded

 

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